This guide is out of date. Please be aware of this if you choose to use this guide.
How to not be poor:
Breeding for ability and the art of being thrifty on Hajinc.
In order to not be poor on Hajinc you will need to make some changes to how you look at horses on the game. The first step is to get into the right mindset. The major money making avenue in this game is the show horse. So your mind should always be gearing towards show horses. That means breeding for ability and never for color. Every horse should be judged not on how pretty it is how much you like it but how much money it has the potential to earn.
If you want to have lots of money in the game the first thing to do is stop looking at colors. No not even that one little side line, not one theme, pattern or shade line. No color what-so-ever. Breeding for any color themes, shiny or not, will cause you to make impulse purchases without properly considering the true value of a horse. If you really want to save money and turn out horses that will make profit avoid selecting for color all together. This is an extreme change for most people since I can not think of a single person in the game who does this. Some have less emphasis on colors then others but no one I can think of ignores it completely. Shake away the idea of breeding for pretty; you are breeding for jumping machines now.
Only purchase horses based in their actual value no on the perceived value that they are selling for at the moment.
The most important thing to remember when pricing the actual value of horse is to NEVER set yourself into a pegged price. Have an idea about how much a horse can earn for you and be willing to adjust that price as things change. The prices, PT scores etc I have listed are only examples. They should not be taken as the rule of law and should be adjusted to fit your program, needs and the market as it changes. While a horse who is an 11 might be a stunning shower now this might change in the future. Be prepared to adjust your expectations, buying and showing habits as things change.
- Stallions are never worth purchasing unless you know their quality. If a stallion is not on the leader board preferably the top 25 leader board he is not worth purchasing for ability breeding. A stallion should never be purchased by you for more then he is worth as a gelding. Sticking hard and fast to this rule will help keep you from wasting money on stock that will not help out your band. Even buying a leaderboard stallion is often not a sound proposition since they will more then likely sell for far more then their offspring can reasonably earn back.
- The same applies to mares. A mare with blue papers or from the rescue is worth about 8 to 10k hbs to the ability breeder. That is because she can reasonably be expected to produce foals that will earn back her purchase price in the next 4 or so years. Prices higher the 8 to 10k will take too many years to earn back and would not be cost effective. Never buy a blue mare that is inconsistent or has inconsistent parents.
- Gold papered mares to an ability breeder are worth about 15 to 25k depending on her offspring record. If her foals are earning PTs in the 11s+ she should be valued more then a mare producing foals with 10s. Prices much higher then this and it becomes unreasonable to expect a mares offspring to earn money fast enough to compensate for her purchase cost. Never buy a gold mare that is inconsistent or has inconsistent parents.
- Lined mares should be inspected with a grain of salt. Carefully look at each parent to determine the parent’s ability. Inspect other offspring of the parents and gage their quality. If anything seems amiss (low parents papers, high inconsistency in parents or siblings, poor scores in siblings or offspring by siblings) pass on the mare regardless of her papers. Never buy a lined mare that is inconsistent or has inconsistent parents.
Young broodmare prospects should only be purchased if they where bred in a way that was beneficial to an ability breeder. That means a gold dam and a high ranked sire. If the mare is by a regular star and blue the risk of her being only a blue or lower is much too great for the investment so pay no more then these then 5 to 7k. Avoid fillies by A’s or out of reds and below all together. A mare takes several thousand dollars to paper not including her purchase price so avoiding anything except sure bets is prudent. Rescue mares are always worth looking into but do not pay any more for then you would a regular blue mare. Never buy a brood prospect that is inconsistent or has inconsistent parents.
- For your gelding and spayed band; try to imagine the amount of money that horse will earn in 2 to 3 years time. A horse in his life time can earn hundreds of thousands but you need money for the here and now too. A horse is only worth about a third to half of what it can earn in the next few years. The key word is can, since many factors are unknown it is unwise to gamble more then you feel the horse can easily earn back.
- If a horse is 5 it will be in its peak showing years soon. It is reasonable to assume a horse with a strong PT can earn 20,0000 in his 5 though 8 year old years. That means it would be prudent to invest around 6 to 10k into his purchase. If a horse has a PT more in the high 8s and 9s he may make more like 10k in the next few years. What you are willing to pay for him should change accordingly. If a foal is a yearling it will not make much in the next 2 to 3 years, probably less then 2000. As such it is not expediently profitable to purchase yearlings. However if you have the extra money, picking up a few yearlings with strong PT scores for cheap can earn you large profits in the future. You need to find the balance for yourself between quick small profits and long term but larger profits. The key is mixing your investments in the beginning so that you always have a strong band of 5 to 10yr old show horses ready to be shown at any given time. As your showing stock ages up move away from lower PT scores and into only 10 and ups.
How to breed the cost effective way.
- Breeding for ability is far more profitable then breeding for color or crosses. Shiny color horses can sell for lots of money but more often then not, more then the sale price was spent to produce that horse in the first place. It is a loosing game. To breed for ability start with a very consistent mare and select for the top 25 list a stallion that is also very consistent. By only breeding consistent to consistent you will never have to waste money testing yearlings for consistency. If you can not find a stud on the top 25 use the top 100 list but try to stay as high on the list as possible. Avoid stud fees higher then 3000 hbs as it will take too long to make up that expenditure, 1k and under would be even better. Only breed live cover to save money never spend on ETs or straws when breeding on the cheap.
- Do the same as above for both your lined and foundation mares. Instantly spay or geld everything your foundation mares produce. They will not be strong enough to produce leader board offspring and since we are breeding for ability that is all we really want. If a mare is blue also geld and spay all of her stock. You will need these strong cross gelding and spayed mares to make you money. Blue to very strong star studs will make fantastic showing stock. For your gold mare’s foals geld and spay all showing recommended foals (after all that is what we are breeding for). Take the rest of your offspring from these very strong stars to gold crosses and set them aside. If you only have blue mares do not fret. Continue to geld and spay all their offspring. These offspring will generate money that you can invest in potential broodmares.
- Keep track of the PT scores that your top stallion to gold mare crosses get. These scores will act as a guide to help you estimate the quality of the foals being produced even from unranked stallions and un-papered mares. For example if your gold mares are producing foals in the mid 10s PT and a new prospect mare produces a foal that is a 9.5 we can feel confident that she is not gold quality. She can either be spayed and made into a show horse to earn money or be used to produced more show horses, however her offspring are not going to be high ability horses.
- You can also judge how high a stallion will rank on the leader board by looking at the PT of his foals. At the time of writing the number 1 stallion on list had an average PT score of 10.77 among his foals. The number 100 horse only has a 9.17. If your stud prospect is not averaging foals of at least a 9.5 he will not rank well on the list. The best studs are 10.0 average and better. By using this method you can get a feel if a stallion will be a good ability breeding prospect or not after about 5 foals. 10 should give you a very good idea of which quarter of the list he will land on.. That way you can decide if a stud is a total wash with only 5 foals instead of doing a full 25. If a stallion is not going to make the list he is not worth breeding to, at the time of writing though an ability breeder would do well to shun the lower half of the list all together.
- Gelding and Spayed horses should be kept in great numbers. A 9.0+ band is fine to start your herd out. They should earn decently at lower levels but as your herd matures you should strive to only keep show horses with 10s or greater. These 10+ horses will not stay in lower levels long enough to make much profit so you will need to supplement them with lower PT scoring horses until your 10+s are 7 or 8 years old and earning handily.
Your gelding and spayed band should always be evolving and growing. Try to keep improving the quality each season. If a horse is loosing money try to figure out why instead of just dumping. If it is something time will heal set him aside for a month and try him then. Show horses take many seasons to develop and must be tended carefully. The key to a profitable herd is a patient hand. Remember good horses climb the lower levels like a rocket and it is unlikely you will catch them in a profitable spot for long until they age. Do not mistake a fast climber for a dud and cull it.
Dealing with the market.
- At the time of this written the market for horses is grossly overinflated for breeding horses and non existent for show horses. This is because color breeding dominates the market so show horses are brushed aside. To deal with this start by investing in whatever show horses you can, be it via the rescue or the sales board with decent PT scores. It is doubtful you are going to find super strong scores for sale but you start by picking up what solid looking prospects you can.
- Once they have paid for them selves and you have about 10 or more start looking for a broodmare. Stick to your guns on price, flatly refuse to pay more then the actual value of the mare do not yield to the perceived value even if the market is overinflated at the time you are shopping. Remember mares take years and years to make you any money back so never overinvest in them. You may have to wait the market out and do some strict barging hunting. Do not settle for inconsistent or poorly lined or color bred mares. Stick it out. Doing so will net you some fine broodmares that will earn you money, buying with out careful research and planning always results in a bad sale and a waste of cash.
Return on investment.
- It is likely that you will be purchasing horses when they are young. Or breeding them yourself, in either case most horses take several game years to become profitable and about 8 game years to be making big money (or a year and a quarter in real time!). These good aged show horses are very hard to find because never in the history of Hajinc have members as a whole heavily bred for pure ability; they have always bred for color and crosses. This has greatly hamstringed the showing horse population of the game. Because of this you need to understand going into this venture that patience is the key, because so few nice show horses are left there is no older ones for sale. You will have to skillfully raise your own.
- That means just starting out or converting from a color breeding barn to a full showing and ability barn will not be an easy process. The best thing to do is pluck up horses with a PT of 8.5 and up where you can get them. These low level horses will need to be monitored carefully and only be entered if they are doing well at their level. Use the profits from your initial show horses to purchase more show horses not breeding stock. You need about 6 young profit making show horses for every single broodmare or about 3 aged profit making show horses per broodmare in order to keep your barn self sustaining.
Overall the key points are 1) Be a savvy breeder and buyer. Invest in only what will help your herd out 2) Do not make impulse buys or spend more then a horse can make you in a few years. 3) Patience, Patience, Patience
Now for some people this system is not going to be their cup of tea. Many will adamantly wish to continue breeding for color and that is just fine. That is a perfectly legitimate way to play the game and as long as you can find a way to cover your expenses. However breeding for color does not make good show horses and is not an easy way to make a "living" on this game you will have to struggle to make by with it. But by breeding and buying horses based on ability and keeping very large show bands, your stable will become quite rich and prospers, even though it will take several years to get there.